Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord, which results in loss of muscle control, vision, balance and sensation. It is caused by the body attacking the myelin sheath which protects nerve cells and helps conduct signaling.

Experts believe a combination of factors are responsible for causing MS, including genetic, and environmental, such as diet, smoking, toxin exposure and intestinal bacteria imbalance. A low vitamin D level may also be a risk factor and possibly certain viral illnesses such as Epstein Barr Virus. Growing evidence suggests that the health of the gut microbiome is a key factor in the development and progression of MS, especially given its importance in maintaining a healthy immune system.

Diet is the main determinant of gut health, with a fibre and polyphenol-rich plant-based diet being essential. Animal protein consumption, on the other hand, reduces the number of favourable bacteria in the gut and thus adversely affect the immune system.

Here are some ways in which a whole food plant-based diet can potentially help manage MS:

Reduced Inflammation
Whole plant foods are rich in anti-inflammatory compounds, such as antioxidants and phytonutrients. Chronic inflammation is believed to play a role in the progression of MS, so reducing inflammation through diet may help manage symptoms and slow the disease’s progression.

Improved Gut Health
A plant-based diet can promote a healthy gut microbiome, which is increasingly recognized as being important for overall health, including immune function. A balanced gut microbiome may help modulate the immune response, potentially reducing the autoimmune activity seen in MS.

Healthy Fats
A whole food plant-based diet is typically low in saturated fats and rich in healthy fats, such as omega-3 fatty acids found in flaxseeds, chia seeds, and walnuts. These fats have anti-inflammatory properties and may help support brain health.

Increased Nutrient Intake
A plant-based diet provides a wide array of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that are important for overall health. This can help support the body’s natural healing processes and may aid in symptom management.

Weight Management
Maintaining a healthy weight is important for people with MS because excess weight can exacerbate symptoms. A whole food plant-based diet, which tends to be lower in calorie density, can assist with weight management.

Lowering Cardiovascular Risk
People with MS are often at higher risk for cardiovascular disease. A plant-based diet can help reduce this risk by promoting heart health through lower cholesterol levels, improved blood pressure, and reduced inflammation.

Enhanced Energy Levels
Some individuals with MS report improved energy levels and reduced fatigue when following a plant-based diet. This may be related to the diet’s anti-inflammatory and nutrient-dense nature.

Medication Interaction
A plant-based diet may have fewer interactions with MS medications compared to diets that include high-fat animal products or processed foods. However, it’s crucial to work closely with a healthcare provider who understands these benefits to monitor medication effectiveness and adjust dosages as needed.



Multiple Schlerosis – Dr Joel Fuhrman
Multiple Sclerosis |

Plant-Based Diets for Multiple Schlerosis – Michael Greger MD
Plant-Based Diets for Multiple Sclerosis (

The Power of Healthy Habits For People Living with Multiple Sclerosis
The power of healthy habits for people living with multiple sclerosis – Plant Based Health Professionals UK

Recovering from Multiple Sclerosis with Dietary and lifestyle Changes
Recovering from Multiple Sclerosis with dietary and lifestyle changes | Our articles (

Swank MS Foundation
Swank MS Foundation (

Research papers

Viruses and Multiple Sclerosis
Viruses and multiple sclerosis – PubMed (

Low-fat, plant-based diet in Multiple Sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial
Low-fat, plant-based diet in multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial – ScienceDirect

Diet, gut microbiota, and vitamins D & A in Multiple Sclerosis
Diet, Gut Microbiota, and Vitamins D + A in Multiple Sclerosis – PubMed (

The molecular basis of nutritional intervention in Multiple Sclerosis: A narrative review
The molecular basis of nutritional intervention in multiple sclerosis: A narrative review – ScienceDirect

Multiple sclerosis: the lipid relationship
Multiple sclerosis: the lipid relationship. – ScienceDirect